14 2 5 3 61 Alpine Nature 2030 Creating ecological connectivity for generations to come of Slovenia covering 20 councils including the uplands of the Julian Alps Western Karavanke mountains and Kamniško Savinjske Alps or eleven percent of the en tire Slovenian territory Triglav National Park the only Slovenian national park is within its domain The Slov enian Forest Service and local communities also have a role to play in implementation Slovenia adopted a National Environmental Action Programme in 1999 in which biodiversity was featured as one of four priorities in accordance with Article 104 of the Environmental Protection Act The Slovenian Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Slovenian Min istry of the Environment and Spatial Planning 2002 dates back to the end of 2001 The general objective of conserving ecosystems by maintaining a favourable status of habitat types is one of the Strategy s objec tives There was no explicit mention of ecological con nectivity or biodiversity corridors in this rst Slovenian Biodiversity Strategy although one might say it is an implicit goal Since then there has been progress in the mainstream ing of biodiversity conservation into non environment focused governmental strategies The 2007 2013 Na tional Development Programme includes the conserva tion and sustainable use of biodiversity and Slovenia s new Development Strategy 2014 2020 aims not only to achieve economic growth but also to conserve natural capital for the population s wellbeing As such investments in green infrastructure measures for na ture protection and biodiversity conservation and an initiative for green growth are part of the plan After the adoption of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets CBD 2015 at the Conference of the Parties of the Conven tion on Biological Diversity in 2010 Slovenia began preparing a new Biodiversity Conservation Strategy that will run until 2025 action plan The proposed targets of the new strategy include at least one concrete measure to identify and maintain and where neces sary re establish ecological connections that enable genetic exchange between populations This measure covers all species recognised as endangered red listed in Slovenia and there are also several measures that contribute to ecological connectivity indirectly for example preserving traditional landscape encouraging the traditional use of natural resources restoring aban doned agricultural land and more Slovenia has only one albeit very large Alpine Na tional Park the Triglav National Park with an area of 837 square kilometres The country s share of Natura 2000 sites in the national terrestrial area is impressive close to 38 percent About a quarter of the Natura 2000 sites belong to the Triglav National Park or lie within regional and landscape parks or are designated as nature reserves or natural monuments The Triglav National Park management plan was approved by the TNP s Council in October 2015 and according to pre scribed procedure it is foreseen to be adopted by the Slovenian Government in April of 2016 Arih 2015 Some concrete activities outlined within the plan re late to transboundary cooperation with the Julian Alps Nature Park There has been some progress on creating a transnational protected area between Triglav National Park and the Julian Prealps Nature Park in Italy Imple menting ecological connectivity is however perceived as dif cult in both areas as was reported by partici pants in a 2014 GreenAlps workshop Triglav National Park does not yet have a management plan and is deal ing with inadequate infrastructure and traf c problems inside the Park Reportedly forest owners sometimes obstruct activities meant to advance ecological connec tivity On the Italian side many municipalities oppose the establishment of a National Park Some initial steps have been made through the PALPIS Cross border participative planning in areas of major naturalistic value in the Southern Julian Alps project The Slovenian Environment Agency has produced an online environmental atlas Slovenian Environment Agency not dated of the country that enables users to select different layers to overlay on the map The maps make it apparent that Slovenia has a large share of various protected and Natura 2000 areas linked by a connectivity network consisting of several ecologi cally important areas The latter are however less effectively protected due to the absence of speci c administrative control and comprehensive manage ment Arih 2015 2 3 6 Switzerland Switzerland which is not an EU Member State but a Council of Europe Member State is also a party to the Bern Convention and to the Convention on Biological Diversity CBD ND and as such has similar obliga tions to protect species and habitats as stipulated in EU legislation though implementation details differ from those in EU countries Like other Alpine countries Switzerland has a federal system but cantons are only able to comment on proposed federal measures that

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