14 2 5 3 Alpine Nature 2030 Creating ecological connectivity for generations to come 212 incorporates social and cultural evolutions in civil society Every Alpine country must ensure the scienti c knowledge basis for habitat and species protection by performing systematic assessments and moni toring activities The results must feed into a tran snational knowledge data repository Analyses concerning the ef ciency of measures for ecological connectivity and their spatial localisation help to rapidly reach the goal of a permeable land scape matrix for the Alps Simulation tools allow the de nition of potential areas of connectivity but nevertheless site visits and ground truthing remain crucial for reliable outcomes Stakeholder and decision makers must be involved in the entire process from the onset The work with Pilot Regions is a fundamental key to success Pilot Regions play the role of models and are references for an Alps wide connectivity policy Highlighting the possible bene ts of ecological con nectivity measures in the frame of green economy will improve acceptance by stakeholders Every measure in favour of ecological connectivity needs to be integrated into a clearly communicated and transparent strategy of connectivity projects or planning in order to guarantee maximum effective ness and support from local stakeholders Ecological connectivity is a transdisciplinary topic that can facilitate the discussion with stakeholders and allow them to address various subjects like cli mate change sustainable production and consump tion governance and more In a mountain massif like the Alps an international approach to this topic and close transboundary cooperation is essential for success Exchange mechanisms of existing instruments should be intensively employed and enforced in order to concentrate manpower means and funds to implement projects and measures The Alps cannot be considered without their surroundings In the context of biodiversity conservation the Alps are not an isolated functioning landscape The highest fragmenta tion actually occurs around the Alps Measures to mitigate the progression towards an isolated Alps Island situation in a sea of hyper de veloped anthropogenic lands must be actively pursued The described scenarios may be more or less realistic but they indicate possible trends and allow for the timely re ection and subsequent adaption of policies so long as the decision makers act in a prompt and pro active way Example of a specific connectivity measure overpath for the hazel dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius in Switzerland

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