14 2 5 3 Alpine Nature 2030 Creating ecological connectivity for generations to come 150 Figure 22 The three inter related context areas of connectivity conservation Source adapted from Worboys et al 2010 Every context area consists of three different sub topics which interact with each other investigating the past and generating selective and sin gular predictions is only suf cient for tame problems but inadequate for a highly dynamic and intercon nected process such as ecological connectivity In order to address the complex issue of an Alpine eco logical continuum it appears necessary to apply a for ward reasoning approach that identi es possible future scenarios and integrates uncertainties It is somewhat surprising that questions concerning how ecological connectivity is affected and can be managed make up the largest percentage 60 percent of the generated questions Authors from the eld of transdisciplinary research have termed knowledge related to this type of question transformation knowledge These ques tions deal with the genesis and future development of a problem and subsequently with the interpretation and perception of the problem in the real world What questions address determining factors of connectivity and answers to such questions provide system knowledge Finally which questions ad dress desired goals and better practices This has been termed target knowledge Each of these knowledge forms has speci c challenges and system knowledge in particular must confront uncertainties It is essential to understand that solutions are only possible when the other postulated forms of knowledge target and transformation knowledge are integrated into the solution mix The visual chaos and multi structural character of our results re ect the sectoral structure of society governance and administration with respect to en vironmental problems in general see Figure 22 To overcome this an integrative transdisciplinary ap proach is necessary What appears to be missing in the search for a starting point to address the problem of the Alpine ecological continuum is a common strategy or vision In the authors view this is also supported by the fact that the largest percentage of the formulated questions investigated the man ner condition or quality of ecological connectivity This exempli es the necessity of generating system knowledge and confronting uncertainties Total conformity among all actors in the search for a com mon denominator is unrealistic and cannot be an achievable goal as previously pointed out but a clear vision that expresses the joint aspirations of leaders Nature Context Management Context People Context Structural and functional connectivity Evolutionary process connectivity Tools incentives knowledge Economic social and political needs Habitat connectivity Legislation policy planning needs Natural land social cultural and spiritual values Situational management support needs individuals and communities Life support needs

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