14 2 5 3 Alpine Nature 2030 Creating ecological connectivity for generations to come 117 between the park administration and the local stake holders has been in operation for several years with the goal of producing common spatial plans of the entire region The presence of the park bene ts the develop ment of a common spatial plan since it provides an effective stage on which different actors may try to facilitate the resolution of con icts among stakehold ers and detect new socioeconomic opportunities for the territory Favilli 2014 These practices show that the steps necessary for the promotion of coordinated and integrated strategies between ecological connectivity and agriculture and the required biodiversity conservation actions grow from the development of a participatory process with different regions and actors As expressed by Baudry et al 2002 the key to tease out points of actions in the system is to understand the mechanisms that lead to land use decision In order to do that negotiation between farmers and biodiversity stakeholders is an essential starting point 3 10 2 What do ecological networks mean in agricultural areas Ecological networks provide for several functions in the maintenance of the health of the environ ment They enable the conservation of biodiversity at ecosystem and regional scales putting an emphasis on the reinforcement of ecological coherence and con tinuum and integrating biodiversity conservation into broad environmental management plans Ecological networks may buffer critical areas from the effects of potentially damaging activities and help in the restora tion of degraded ecosystems Ensuring the ecological continuum without limiting human development con tributes to the promotion of sustainable use of natural resources and to the raising of people s awareness in respect to a paci c coexistence and sharing of common spaces with wildlife species Favilli et al 2013 2015 Ecological networks can greatly contribute to the maintenance or the protection of the biodiversity of agricultural areas Ecological networks connect areas of habitat and allow animals and plants to move through the countryside This potential for free movements is an important factor for the survival of many species in relation to changes in land use patterns and climate As well as being vital for the functioning of ecosystems ecological networks and corridors greenways and landscape linkages also have aesthetic value that may contribute to increasing the attractiveness of living and working environments Ecological networks are not only for wildlife species They may have important rec reational and touristic value and can offer further eco nomic bene ts by protecting property and businesses Agricultural landscape in the Nature Park Kaunergrat

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