12 The extent of sufficient physical activity varies according to age and social status The following section describes whether and to what extent certain population groups differ in achieving the WHO criteria for physical activity due to sport Age To begin Figure 5 shows that the adherence to endurance activity recommendations through sport differs significantly between different age groups The compliance rate is high est among persons aged 16 to 19 years at over 54 although according to the WHO definition 16 and 17 year olds should actually be assessed on the basis of the more demanding criteria for children and adolescents at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day see above That ad olescents aged 16 to 19 represent the most active age group is plausible in view of compulsory school sports Conversely a rate of just over 50 especially since the less demanding WHO rec ommendations for adults are included in the evaluation can be considered relatively low Fig 5 Proportion of the population that achieves the WHO recommenda tions through sport alone endurance activity by age groups Source Sports Satellite Account SSA of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy BMWi and the Federal Institute for Sports Science BISp calculations and presentation 2HMforum German population 2017 representative sample N 1 222 aged 16 and over Figure 5 also shows that compliance by no means decreases linearly from young to old On the contrary the proportion of people in the 30 39 age group who are sufficiently active through sport falls to a low of 26 Among other things events that often fall into this phase of life and may constitute time restrictions for sporting activity such as entry into working life or professional orientations and requirements for professional mobility or starting a family could provide an explanation for the lower proportions In the middle age groups 40 to 49 years and 50 to 59 years the proportion of people who are sufficiently active in sports initially rises again significantly to 38 One explanation could be the increasing availability of leisure time in middle age e g for adults with adult children or higher occupational security In the higher age groups the proportion of people who are sufficiently active in sports decreases again Here sporting activities shift to other health oriented and 54 46 26 33 38 30 27 16 19 years 20 29 years 30 39 years 40 49 years 50 59 years 60 65 years 65 years

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